Workplace Naloxone Kit Requirements in Ontario

In today’s world, safety in the workplace extends beyond traditional hazards. One emerging concern is the opioid crisis, which has prompted the introduction of regulations to ensure workplace safety in the face of opioid overdoses.

Naloxone kits, designed to counteract the effects of opioid overdoses, are becoming a critical component of workplace health and safety rules.

In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into what Naloxone kits are, the importance of Naloxone kit training, why they are needed in workplaces, and the specific requirements in Ontario.

Moreover, we will provide insights on how you can determine if your workplace or business is obligated to have Naloxone kits under Ontario law.

What is a Naloxone Kit?

A Naloxone kit is a lifesaving emergency treatment provided to individuals experiencing opioid overdoses.

It is designed to temporarily reverse the effects of opioids, providing crucial time for medical professionals to arrive on the scene and administer further care.

Naloxone kits are easy to use and can be administered by trained individuals, making them a valuable asset in emergencies.

What is Naloxone Kit Training?

Naloxone kit training is an essential component of ensuring effective response to opioid overdoses. It involves educating individuals on how to recognize the signs of an overdose, safely administer Naloxone, and provide necessary follow-up care.

Proper training empowers individuals to act swiftly and confidently in emergencies, potentially saving lives.

Why Do You Need Naloxone Kits in Workplaces?

The need for Naloxone kits in workplaces stems from the growing opioid crisis. Opioid overdoses can happen unexpectedly, and immediate intervention is crucial to prevent fatalities.

By having Naloxone kits on-site and trained personnel to use them, workplaces can enhance their safety protocols and protect employees from the potential risks associated with opioids.

What Are the Requirements in Ontario?

The requirements for Naloxone kits in workplaces are outlined in the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) in Ontario.

As of June 1, 2023, the OHSA mandates that Naloxone should be available in specific workplaces where there is a potential risk of a worker experiencing an opioid overdose. However, not all employers are obligated to comply with these requirements.

How Do You Know if Your Workplace or Business is Required to Have Naloxone Kits?

Determining whether your workplace or business is obligated to have Naloxone kits depends on several key factors outlined in the OHSA.

Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you assess your situation:

1. Risk of a Worker Opioid Overdose

The OHSA requirements kick in when an employer becomes aware, or reasonably ought to be aware, of the risk of a worker having an opioid overdose within the workplace.

This awareness can be triggered by various factors, such as:

  • Previous opioid overdoses occurring in the workplace.
  • A worker voluntarily disclosing their opioid use or overdose risk to the employer.
  • Observations of opioid use among workers during workplace activities.
  • Discovering discarded opioid paraphernalia, like used needles, within the workplace.
  • Reports from the joint health and safety committee, health and safety representative, union representatives, human resources staff, or other workplace members about the risk.

If the employer is aware that a worker uses opioids as prescribed by a medical practitioner under medical supervision, this alone may not create awareness of a potential workplace opioid overdose risk.

The OHSA requirements do not apply to workplaces where the risk of opioid overdose is created by non-workers, such as customers, clients, patients, or other members of the public present in or near the workplace.

2. Risk Within the Workplace

To be subject to OHSA requirements, the risk of a worker experiencing an opioid overdose must be associated with the workplace where they perform their duties for the employer.

The risk should pertain to the workplace environment, not external. For example, if a worker is on leave and at risk of an overdose but not actively working, the OHSA requirements may not be applicable.

3. Risk Posed by a Worker Employed by the Same Employer

For OHSA requirements to be enforced, the risk of a worker experiencing an opioid overdose should be posed by a worker employed by the same employer.

If the risk is caused by a worker from a different employer within a shared worksite, only the employer of the at-risk worker would be mandated to provide a Naloxone kit.


Navigating Naloxone kits in the workplace involves understanding the specific circumstances under which they are required. The OHSA in Ontario has established clear guidelines to determine if your workplace falls under these requirements.

In conclusion, ensuring workplace safety by having Naloxone kits and trained personnel can make a significant difference in emergency situations.

As a next step, explore our Naloxone training services and take proactive measures to enhance workplace safety. Your preparedness could potentially save lives in critical situations.

Source: Ontario Naloxone Workplace Requirements